Cocaine Essay

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Cocaine When you reach into the refrigerator for a Coca-Cola, do you ever wonder where it got its name? You might be surprised to find out! When coke was created 120 years ago, it contained cocaine (Bayer 27). At the time scientists did not realize that cocaine was addictive and dangerous. Scientists today know that cocaine is among the strongest stimulants known, and trying the drug even one time can cause heart attack, stroke, and even death. "Even the most in shape athlete could die from one use (Bayer 26)." The history of coca leaves began hundreds of years ago in South America. The Indians of Peru and Bolivia "chewed" coca leaves so that they could work hard in high altitudes and need little food. It was not…show more content…
goes through Los Angelas, Houston, New York, and Miami ("Cocaine Use" 3). From these locations "trafficking gangs" connect with "street gangs" to distribute most of the cocaine. "Gangs including the Crips, Bloods, and Dominican, Cuban, Haitian, Mexican, and Puerto Rican groups control most of the sales." Cocaine is only about percent 80 pure when it reaches the gangs, and only 60 percent pure when it hits the street. This is because gangs "cut' it with other substances such as sugar, PCP, speed, corn starch, and talcum powder to save money ("Cocaine Use" 3). Between 1981 and 1996 the U.S. Government has spent more than $80 billion fighting the "drug war". Government agents continuously patrol our southern border, from Florida to California, in an effort to ward off large scale drug smuggling. Thus far, their efforts appear futile (Bayer 33). Cocaine is a strong central nervous stimulant. It speeds up the body's work, and affects the part of the brain that produces strong feelings of pleasure. It makes the user feel powerful and full of energy, and they no longer feel tired. "In experiments, monkeys that were allowed to have all the cocaine they wanted, took it until they died." Cocaine has stronger physical affects on the body and brain than almost any other drug. After cocaine is taken, the heart beats 30 to 50 percent faster and the body temperature rises. The strongest physical affects cocaine has, though, are on the

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