homicide rate of African American males aged 14-17 doubled. Along with an increase of African American children in foster care, fetal death rates and weapon arrests. Roles lost in families and the community. Health and lifestyle of the African American communities depleting due to the powerful affects of crack cocaine. The African American community has been significantly affected by The Crack Epidemic in the areas of health and culture as a result of where the source of crack cocaine introduced itself
Crack Crack: American pop culture has lots of references to this drug in its music (crack rap), its movies (Jungle Fever), and its books (Diary of a Crack Addict’s Wife): It is a drug that has twisted its way into the fabric of our culture, and about 6 million of us have smoked it, at a significant risk to our health. Indeed, the National Vital Statistics System estimates that over 6,000 Americans die every year as a result of using cocaine, including crack cocaine, and 167, 914 Americans entered cocaine
Andean Cocaine traces the obscure processes and transformations of the global coca and cocaine commodity chain. Gootenberg documents the lore of the Andean coca leaf, the birth of cocaine as a medical commodity, the early twentieth-century decline cocaine, and its reemergence as a global illicit good following World War II. The commodity chain of coca and cocaine began with the extraction of alkaloidal cocaine from the dried Andean coca leaf. This discovery by German doctoral student Albert Niemann
United States. This paper will also relate the prohibition of alcohol to the current drug policies of cocaine in the United States. Alcohol and cocaine were both prohibited in the United States in the early 1900’s. Cocaine was used as an anesthesia and medication in the early days of America until the drug was abused, and the legislature of the day deemed cocaine a dangerous drug. Americans would
smokable form of cocaine, called crack, had been introduced to the United States. Crack, was highly-addictive and swept through impoverished areas of cities such as New York, Los Angeles, Oakland, and Miami. In the end it caused devastating effects for black and Latino Americans. As crack cocaine was becoming a grim and rising epidemic, hip hop was evolving alongside it. It was in the 1980s that crack cocaine and hip hop became the two leading fundamentals of urban street culture. It is not suggested
Cocaine, Race, and the War on Drugs This paper aims will provide a concise history of drugs deriving from the erythroxylum coca plant and the sociological impact powder and crack cocaine legislation in the American justice system. Cocaine is a naturally occurring substance deriving from the Erythroxylum coca plant. The coca plant is autogenous to Indonesia, South America, Mexico and the West Indies. Historically, many cultures have utilized coca leaves for religious and ceremonial applications.
densities of people, loud fast paced music, and euphoric dancing. * Cocaine is another powerful stimulant similar to MDMA that causes a large release of dopamine; another chemical found in the brain that causes adrenaline rushes. When a large amount of dopamine is released in the brain, an equally powerful adrenaline rush occurs in the user. This large adrenaline rush is the reason behind the connection between cocaine and punk music. Both are based on short bursts of extreme excitement.
Groups of difference, such as lower-class African-Americans suffered very harsh penalties for the use of crack cocaine. The Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 “followed decades of debate regarding the justification, or lack thereof, for the harsh mandatory minimum sentences for federal crack cocaine violations established under the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986” (Carlsen, 2). It was created in 2010
mandatory sentencing and no-knock warrants. . The War on Drugs has been a centerpiece of American foreign and domestic policy. The rhetoric of war shaped the impact of methods. Not only does war require military strategies, but an enemy as well. In this case it was easy to construct African Americans and people of color as the enemy in the War on Drugs. These are the groups that the majority of white Americans have always viewed as the source of crime. President Reagan’s anti drug rhetoric was skillfully
Crack Cocaine the drug that has impacted so many lives; especially the life of rappers. Crack Cocaine is the refined result of cocoa leaves. However, crack cocaine was not developed until the cocaine boom of 1970. Large shipments of this drug was now making its way into the inner cities of the United States, and the majority of residents living in those inner cities were African American. Black on black crime was now more common than ever, incarceration within the black community was skyrocketing