Book Summary The Devil and the Deep Blue Sea aims to examine the seal hunting and the decline of cod stock in Newfoundland and Labrador. As cod face imminent biological distinct, the government officials and the DFO blame the grey seals for the decline of the cod stocks and its failure to
Introduction The debate surrounding Makah whaling is a heated one to say the least. There are valid points on both sides of the argument, but there is one side I find to be more valid once the facts have been looked at. I will examine and present my findings regarding past and current laws and regulations related to whaling, types of whaling, other countries that take an active part in whaling (and why), as well as the Makah culture – both past and present. In this paper I will argue why the Makah should not be allowed to resume whaling, as it is unnecessary and could potentially put the grey whale species back on the endangered list.
The Change in Whaling What exactly happened in the whaling industry that had such a detrimental effect on the whale populations?
The History of the Atlantic Seal Hunt and the Future of Sustainability Every year in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the Northern Atlantic Ocean, three Canadian seal populations are opened for commercial hunting. Since the 1750s, hooded seals, grey seals and iconic harp seals have been hunted for their valuable pelts and omega-3 rich oil. After being nearly hunted to extinction in the 1800s and a period of extensive anti-hunt activism in the 1960s and 70s, the hunt has become strictly regulated. Now, activism has forced the Atlantic Seal Hunt to support and maintain standards of sustainable resource harvesting and humaneness, and this hunt now has the potential to be a role model in these areas for other similar hunts worldwide.
The cause of this debate comes with the return of White Sharks to the area. Over the past few years, there has been an increase of this apex predator to our coasts like never before seen, most notably since Labor Day weekend in 2009. Five sharks had been tagged by a marine biologist, Greg Skomal, and have been closely tracked and documented since. Skomal is a key player in this research as project leader
Commercial whaling is a serious world issue that has always been difficult for those who are in support and those who are against it. Each group defends their side with convincing arguments. Morally, whaling is wrong, but do the reasons for whaling outweigh the reasons to cease the primitive hunts? By studying the effects of whaling,realizing how culture has changed over time, and taking note of the money that would be saved, it can clearly be seen that there is no longer a current need for whaling to continue. Efforts have been made to try to stop whaling, but with no help from any authoritative figure,nothing has been done to regulate the whaling. The famous sea shepherd, known for its strikes against whaling, can even be seen on
The Hawaiian monk seal, or Monachus schauinslandi, was one of the original species to be placed under the Endangered Species Act that was enacted in 1973. As of 2010, the population of the monk seal is approximately 1,100, with an annual decrease of approximately 4.5%. The Hawaiian monk seal
Kylie Fraser 16622393 Curtin University Word Count: 2500 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Problem Statement Over a century ago the elephant seal population on Macquarie Island survived a period of severe over-harvesting. The practice of hunting seals for food, oil and skins had a high demand in the market and was largely carried out by Sydney based gangs (Bradshaw et al, 2003). During the early 1900’s Macquarie Island was declared a nature reserve and the hunting of seals came to a halt. After cessation of sealing, the population of the elephant seal increased but is still recovering. Over the years, a notable decline in the population has been
Human Impact And Population The negative human impacts on harbor seals are devastating, and there are yet to be any major positive impacts. In the 1900s, fur traders would hunt harbor seal pups that were less than four weeks old for their fine coats, which were highly valued. This led
In 1497, John Cabot reported schools of cod so thick that they slowed down the ship off the coast of Newfoundland. This would set the way of life and be the income of at least 30,000 people in Newfoundland until 1992. The moratorium was right to be put in place on the cod fishery. The loss of cod as a species will lead to more than just cultural and economic losses. The culture and lost of jobs was inevitable, so, the life of the species should have been saved for the better outcome.
In Canada, the Grand Banks habitat is in “environmental degradation” (Connor and Taitano) due to bottom trawlers tearing up the sea floor displacing and destroying the vegetation at the seafloor and therefore disrupting the habitat of the small fish the cod prey upon (Connor and Taitano). Bottom trawls also disrupt the “breeding patterns of the cod.. Damaging fertilized eggs.. And greatly reducing the amount of young born” (Connor and Taitano). In the United States, the Gulf of Maine provides evidence of a loss of the young and old cod due to predation (Connor). Farming atlantic cod, like many fisheries are doing to replenish the atlantic salmon populations, have resulted in a breakout of the disease Yersiniosis (Connor and Taitano).The disease affects the fish’s intestinal tract before spreading throughout its body. The mortality rate with this disease is low, about 5%, however the illness prevents the affected cod from being sold at a market due to health violations (Connor and
This article explores the possibility of threat to the ecosystem and the food chain of the Ross Sea. The famous Antarctic toothfish plays a vital role in the food chain of the Ross Sea because it serves as a main meal for higher order organisms. Researchers as well as locals
The Secret Behind the Peace Issue Overview Every year during March to April, is the months that the seal fisheries are active. This is known as the seal-hunting season, great amount of seals were killed for commercial purposes (Liberation BC, para 1). The hunting activities took place on the Newfoundland coast, the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence and Inuit regions (Government of Canada, 2013, para 2). The seal hunt has been a dispute for years between the support side and the oppose side. The argument is still being continued Seals are killed in a cruel ways. Hakapik is a tool used by the fishers to hit the heads of the seals causing the seals to die. Forty-two percent of the seals are skinned alive (Liberation BC, para 9). The seal skins are warm and waterproof; it is an excellent source to use to make coats, hats or scarfs for winter (Government of Canada, 2012, para 3). It is illegal to kill seals that are under 11 days old because they haven’t lost their fur yet. Baby seals lose their white furs when they are 11 days old, and it is then legal to kill them. Even though they are only babies (Liberation BC, para 2). The quota of the seal hunt was 400,000 in 2012. However, the quota suggested by the scientists was smaller (Liberation BC, para 1). Fortunately, the numbers of seal hunters are starting to decrease. The reason is, that they do not make much money out of it (Liberation BC, para 24). The action of hunting seals is not ecological because the meat of the seals is
Anglers no longer visited them, for all the fish had died. […] No witchcraft, no enemy action had silenced the rebirth of new life in this stricken world. The people had done it themselves” (McKibben 366). The people in Carson’s town had been given a gift of fruitful nature, but took more than what the ecosystem could provide until it fell entirely out of balance. Carson predicted the fate of fisheries across the globe, that they will be drained of their resources until there is nothing left to take, and the greedy fishermen are forced to move elsewhere. The southern bluefin tuna, for example, has been placed into the critically endangered category due to both it’s large size, making it easily entangled in fishermen’s nets, and their extremely high value- a single fish alone can be worth up to $10,000 in the United States. According to the Washington Post, “The total population of southern bluefin has been reduced to about 8 percent of levels before industrial fishing” (Harden). Because overfishing rapidly catches the fish before they have time to reproduce, the southern bluefin population has been absolutely decimated, just like the fishless streams that Rachel Carson describes in her story. The oceans must be given time to rest, in order to recover from the damage that has built up over the many past decades, as Calvin B. DeWitt states in Inspirations for Sustaining Life on Earth, “we may take the fruit, but must not destroy the fruitfulness
To form an opinion on whether we should permit hunting of non-endangered species of whales, we need substantial background information on the pros and cons of whaling and the impacts of it on the effected society or societies. We need to do extensive research on the positions of both sides and weigh their arguments against our own judgements. Therefore, I will leave the first question for now and I will give an answer to it at the end of this essay after I have put forward my arguments.