Cognitive And Perceptual Development Of Children

1517 WordsMay 15, 20177 Pages
Developmental Motor Skills in Children Children acquire most of their motor skills from school, which is where they spend most of their time growing up. School settings can enhance motor development in children through play using toys available to them, however, some school environments can also inhibit motor performance. Children have the opportunity to improve and learn new skills from manipulating different objects as well as can practice intertrial variability from playing with others. In order to better understand the concept of motor development in children, a naturalistic observation can be performed. Depending on the environment, certain motor skills can be refined, while others can be repressed. Haywood and Getchell (2014) suggest…show more content…
For the preschool-aged children, they walked and ran around the room with ease. The preschoolers also walked up and down the stairs with ease, only needing to descend the stairs with two feet for each step when preoccupied with an object in her hand. These children also participated in manipulative fine motor skills while making arts and crafts. Although there were no differences observed between boys and girls during observation, Kokštejn, Musálek, & Tufano (2017) conducted a study comparing gender differences in fundamental motor skills at the preschool age. Researchers found that compared to the boys, girls had greater total test scores, fine motor skill scores and balance scores. Physical Environment The physical environment in the Sparrow toddler classroom was more facilitatory than inhibitory. The environmental constraints included furniture scaling and carpeted area to prevent injury when falling. The furniture including tables, chairs, couches, and bookshelves were all on a smaller scale which offered affordance to the children as they could see and reach for things that they wanted. However, inhibitory environmental constraints includes the crowdedness of the furniture and toys in the room which increases the likelihood that a toddler could fall. In one instance, some chairs were stacked next to a wall and a little boy attempted to climb--he almost immediately fell and hurt his head. A case like this could hinder the development of motor
Open Document