Cognitive Behavior Therapy : A Rehabilitation Alternative

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Cognitive Behavior Therapy: A Rehabilitation Alternative in Corrections
The prison was designed as a place of punishment for those who would commit criminal acts. The purpose of prison is to punish the criminals, protect the public and reform the criminals back to law abiding citizens before reintegrating them back into society. Prison conditions are hard on inmates in general, because of overcrowding, violence, lack of privacy, lack of meaningful activities, isolation from family and friends, uncertainty about life after prison, and inadequate health services. Such an environment can take a toll on the mental health of inmates. The environment can aggregate issues such as anger, violence, addiction, and depression.
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Re-arrest rates ranged from 33.8 percent of offenders in the lowest criminal history category to 80.1 percent of offenders in the highest criminal history category; An offender’s age at the time of release was also closely correlated with recidivism. Offenders released prior to age 21 had the highest re-arrest rate, at 67.6 percent, compared to 16.0 percent for those offenders over 60 years of age at the time of release; Other factors, including offense type and educational level, were also associated with differing rates of recidivism but less strongly than age and criminal history.
Recidivism remains an important subject in corrections. Recidivism places a burden on prisons that are already overcrowded, prison officials that are outnumbered, and the limited budgets in which prisons are expected to operate. Administrators are continually seeking solutions to prevent recidivism. These solutions come in a variety of forms. One solution is with cognitive behavior based therapy programs.
Studies have shown that Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) has reduced the recidivism rates of juveniles and adults, those battling with drug and
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