Cognitive Behavioral Theory Of Psychology

1764 Words Dec 8th, 2016 8 Pages
Yosef Friedman
Professor E Cohen
History and System of Psychology (11280 LPSN 332)
December 8, 2016
Final
Cognitive Behavioral Theory:
Cognitive Behavioral Theory can be divided into three parts, or “waves” of development. The first of the three is Behaviorism. In 1913 Watson launched the behavioral school of psychology, publishing an article, Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it. A few years later, in 1920 Watson and Rayner conditioned an orphan known as Little Albert to fear a white rat. In 1936, Skinner wrote The Behavior of Organisms and introduced the concepts of Operant Conditioning. In 1943 Clark Hull’s Principles of Behavior was published.
A few years later, in 1948 B. F. Skinner published Walden Two, in which he described an ideal society founded upon behaviorist principles. Following that, during the 1950s and 1960s, the behavior therapies developed within the framework of Skinner’s Operant Conditioning, as well as Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning. Classical Conditioning, developed by the Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov, uses systematic desensitization as its primary method and approach. These principles had originally served to distinguish behavior therapy from other clinical approaches.
Rational Emotive Therapy was the first intentionally therapeutic approach to CBT to be brought to light, and was developed by Albert Ellis, in the mid 1950 's. He developed his approach because he disliked the inefficient and indirective nature of Psychoanalysis. In the 1960…
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