Cognitive Behavioral Theory and Psychodynamic Theory Essay

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In this assignment I am going to introduce and unpack cognitive behavioural theory and psychodynamic theory. This will include the history of each theory and the theorists that discovered and developed both. I am going to link each theory to where they fit in Payne’s Triangle of Social Work as well as compare and contrast each theory. Both Cognitive behavioural theory and psychodynamic theory both support the purposes of social work in which I will cover beneath. This assignment will also include criticisms of both theories as well.

Cognitive is defined as a mental process; it refers to everything going on in your mind including your thought processes and the way you are thinking and feeling. Behaviour refers to everything that you
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This theory is also used to explore the inner self and understand what may be going on inside, it tends to look for the psychological explanations of individuals, family and societal problems and to focus on what the individual is going through. Psychodynamic theory assumes that the problems and dysfunctions that an individual may be experiencing could originate back in childhood. This is also known as one of the 'onion peeling' theories because it is a theory that allows an individual to strip down the layers of their psychological self to deepen an individuals understanding of themselves (Connolly and Healy, 2009).

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy was first established in the early 19th century by Ivan Pavlov, a Russian psychologist, and his experiment with dogs (Sheldon, 2011). Pavlov discovered the principles of animal learning, which eventually led to how cognitive behavioural therapy was established. Pavlov discovered the principles that we now recognise today as the two principles of behaviourist learning theory; classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning means that a conditional stimulus produces a conditioned response (Sheldon, 2011). Pavlov discovered this with the salivation of dogs; this behaviour occurred every time a specific stimulus was applied, such as in the presence of his assistants or in the absence of food. Pavlov also went on to discover that it was not an automatic response but behaviour learned
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