Cognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt )

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What is CBT? Since Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) emerged, it has become one of the most popular and widely taught therapeutic modalities. It is currently dominating psychological therapies, especially in the UK following the introduction of the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) government initiative in 2008. Modern CBT has its roots in cognitive therapy (Beck, 1976) and behaviour therapy as developed by Wolpe (1958). CBT focuses on a relatively simple idea: the way we think about the things going on in our lives – our thoughts, images, beliefs, and attitudes – and how this may impact on the way we behave and deal with emotional problems. CBT then looks at ways of changing negative patterns of thinking or behaviour,…show more content…
Case conceptualisation: a definition Various attempts have been made to establish a definition of case conceptualisation and to define its essential components. Definitions differ and most of them are based on the assumption of ‘formulation-as-an-event’ (Corrie and Lane, 2010). Some of the key definitions in the literature will be explored below: ‘Cognitive case formulation can be defined as a coherent set of explanatory inferences about the factors causing and maintaining a person’s presenting problems, inferences derived from the cognitive theory of emotional disorders’. Bieling & Kuyken (2003, p.53) “Case conceptualisation is a process whereby therapist and client work collaboratively to first describe and then explain the issues a client present in therapy using cognitive-behavioural theory. Its primary function is to guide therapy in order to relieve client distress and build client resilience” (Kuyken, Padesky, and Dudley, 2009). “Formulation is the tool used by clinicians to relate theory to practice… it is the lynchpin that holds theory and practice together… Formulations can be best understood as hypotheses to be tested (Butler, 1998) “A formulation… 1. relates all the client’s complaints to one another, 2. explains why the individual developed these difficulties, and 3. provides predictions concerning the client’s behaviour given any stimulus (Meyer and Turkat, 1979). There is a certain theme throughout these different definitions
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