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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy For Substance Abuse

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Substance abuse consists of an individual exhibiting dysfunctional behavior as a result of consuming psychoactive substances that eventually culminate in adverse consequences. According to the 2013, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, approximately 24.6 million Americans over the age of 12 were current illicit drug users; moreover, 136.9 million Americans were current alcohol users, which is more than half (52.2%) of the American population (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [SAMHSA], 2013). Cognitive-behavioral therapies are among the most thoroughly studied psychotherapeutic approaches for individuals with substance abuse disorders that date back to the work of Ivan Pavlov on classic conditioning. There have been multiple studies that show cognitive-behavioral model of addiction can be effective as a stand-alone treatment or combined other treatment strategies. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for substance abuse incorporates a variety of individual and group treatments including motivational interviewing, contingency management, pharmacotherapy, psychoeducational therapy, coping and social skills training, and relapse prevention.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy considers substance use disorders as a complex multi-determined problem with a number of influences playing a role in the development or perpetuation of the disorder (Marlatt and Donovan, 2005). Some risk factors that may influence drug abuse are: personality traits such as impulsivity or
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