Cognitive Behaviorism And Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

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Chapter VIII. Cognitive-Behaviorism Cognitive-behaviorism has been highly embraced by popular culture and managed care, partly because it offers quick fixes into behavioral problems and emotional distresses. Often times, students are confused by the terminologies cognitive and cognitive-behaviorism. To add to the confusion, there is also cognitive therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy. These terms are sometimes used interchangeably in literature, but there are slight differences. Cognitive therapy is a specific type of therapy technique developed by Aaron Beck in the 1960s. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a group of therapy techniques that share similar theoretical and practical elements in counseling. Some of them are presented later in this chapter. Both Cognitive therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy are grouped under the field of cognitive psychology or the pragmatic school of thought, also called cognitive approach. All of which have their roots in behaviorism. Counselors typically prefer the term cognitive-behaviorism because change in cognition impacts change in emotions and behaviors. It is this key element that therapists strive to reach with their patients. In other words, simply changing the cognition without changing the behavior or emotions associated with that cognition is futile. 1. Main Assumption: Individual’s maladaptive emotions and behaviors are caused by their faulty ways of thinking (cognitions). 2. Human Nature: Cognitive-behaviorists believe
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