Cognitive, Cognitive Behavioral, and Reality Theory

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Cognitive, Cognitive Behavioral, and Reality Theory

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Cognitive, Cognitive Behavioral, and Reality Theory Overview

There are many definitions of counseling, but most share the same idea: it is when one person helps another. To me counseling represents one word more than any other: Change. One person is unhappy with some area of their life and wants it to change while the other person helps to facilitate that change. Just as there are many definitions of counseling there are many types of counseling with different philosophies.

The foundation of cognitive therapy is that thoughts have the ability to influence individual's feelings. One's emotional
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One needs to assume personal responsibility for his or her feelings. The Choice theory of Reality therapy challenges the client to accept his or her part in actually creating his or her feelings. The choice theory emphasizes how people think and act therefore we can see that it shares some of the concepts of the cognitive behavior approach.

There is always a learning curve when developing a new theory. There is the uncertainty of its efficacy and acceptance. One would believe as these theories continue to evolve and is practiced with clients this will no longer be an issue. I believe if a counselor knows the importance of the spiritual beliefs of the clients they are able to have a thorough understanding of their views and feeling towards the issues in their lives. I also believe that then they are able to help client's determine that they are loved, accepted and have a purpose.


Counseling and Psychotherapy: Theories and interventions; Third Edition by David Capuzzi and

Douglas R. Gross

Glass, W. (1997), Choice Theory and Student Success, Education Digest, 63, 3, p.16. 6p

Good Therapy (ND). Mindfulness Approaches/Contemplative Approaches. Retrieved August 5,

2013 from
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