Cognitive Development Of The Brain

1507 WordsMar 29, 20157 Pages
Cognitive development of the brain has been a focus for scientists throughout the twentieth century. Considerable advances have been made in the field of neuropsychology and with the assistance of modern technology such as MRI and brain imaging we are able to understand much more about brain functions. There is still a lot of research to be done to explore the links of cognitive functioning of the cortex. I will discuss localized functioning in the brain as well as the innate modularity versus modularization theory in an attempt to explain how this organisation has been formed and localized from birth. The human brain develops in a similar way to other mammals, although the sequence of events in which it develops is significantly extended. The human brain starts in the prenatal phase a few weeks after conception. The neural tube is the embryonic structure that ultimately forms the brain and spinal cord. Along the inner surface of the tube neurons are formed, which are nerve cells that receive information that are passed to other nerve cells via electrochemical impulses. Once neurons are born they then migrate to their final locations in the developing brain. Outside of the womb is where the later stage of brain development takes place and is known as the postnatal phase. This is where environment becomes important because it encompasses a child’s physical and social world, increasing the number of neural connections in the brain. The most obvious aspect of postnatal

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