Cognitive Exam Face Recognition Essay

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This essay will talk about face recognition and several reasons why it has been studied separately. The ability to recognise faces is of huge significance of people’s daily life and differs in important ways from other forms of object recognition (Bruce and Young, 1986). Than this essay will talk about the processes involved in face recognition which comes from the diversity of research about familiar and unfamiliar faces-it includes behavioural studies, studies on brain-damaged patients, and neuroimaging studies. Finally, it will discuss how face recognition differs from the recognition of other object by involving more holistic or configuration processing and different areas of the brain (Eysenck & Keane, 2005).
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Support for Bruce’s & Young’s (1986) model comes from studies on prosopagnosia-a condition caused by brain damage in which the patient cannot recognise familiar faces but can recognise familiar object. For example, some prosopagnosics patients demonstrate good performance of face recognition but poor performance of identifying facial expression, whereas others show opposite pattern (Young et al., 1993).
Moreover, Bruce and Young (1986) suggested that the name generation component can be accessed only via the appropriate person identity node. Thus, assuming that no brain-damaged patients can put names to face without knowing anything else about the person, however several patients showed the opposite pattern. For instance, Flude et al. (1989) reported that patient, EST, demonstrated greater retrieval of the occupations of familiar people when presented with their faces than when recalling their names. Such studies show that the processing of familiar faces differs from that of unfamiliar ones, because only relevant stored knowledge (e.g., name or occupation) with familiar faces is accessible.
Overly, the model provides coherent explanation of many kind of information about faces and how they relate to each other. It provides evidence about significant differences in processing of familiar and unfamiliar faces. Nonetheless there are limitations. For instance, there is not enough information about processing unfamiliar faces. Burton et al. (1999)
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