Cognitive Failures Of A Person 's Cognitive System

844 WordsOct 4, 20144 Pages
A person’s cognitive system can overall be very effective, though occasionally mistakes occur resulting in generalized cognitive failures. Cognitive failures, also known as absent-mindedness, are errors or mistakes people make due to attention slips or memory failures (Reason, 1982). These failures refer to all possible errors within the cognitive system and can be traced to problems with attention, memory, errors created by distractions and errors in the execution of intentions. These include lapses of attention, mind-wandering, action failures, etc. Examples of cognitive failures include daydreaming during an exam, forgetting the name of the person you just met a short time before and forgetting where you placed your keys or your glasses. These are mistakes that most people would agree they had experienced. How often these mistakes occur however is dependent on the person. When I kept track of my own personal memory lapses, I found that I often make mistakes on a daily basis. Cognitive failures are considered very important to researchers today in areas including cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, educational psychology and neuropsychology. It is apparent that the reason for such interest is due to the frequency of failures depending on individual differences, age and neuropsychological disorders and most importantly how these errors have consequences in the individual’s life. An example of a real life situation would be if a student is daydreaming in class
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