Cognitive Problem Solving And Creative Inventing

1462 Words Oct 10th, 2015 6 Pages
Cognitive Problem Solving and Creative Inventing Cognitive psychology involves a multitude of different processes, and one of these amazing processes is problem solving. There are several approaches to understanding problem solving, some of these being the Gestalt approach, the information processing approach, and analogical problem solving. Creativity and open mindedness can play a critical role in solving problems as they can provide out of the box thinking in finding abnormal or unusual solutions. Sometimes being an expert in a specific field can aid in problem solving as a source of knowledge, and sometimes it can hinder problem solving as a set of boundaries for thinking. Many obstacles in problem solving have to do with fixation on different aspects of the problem, be it a certain part of the problem or only allowing a tool to have certain features instead of using it for something else in the solution. It is obstacles like these that can lead to an epiphany in a solution, and other times a problem may require taking certain steps to solve it as a process. The mind has a set of complex processes for arriving at a solution for a presented problem.
Defining a Problem According to Goldstein (2015), a problem happens when “there is an obstacle between a present state and a goal and it is not immediately obvious how to get around the obstacle” (p. 336). Problems can range from simple to complex, but all have a common factor: they are not immediately solvable. This, as…
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