Cognitive Therapy And Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

1461 Words Dec 10th, 2016 6 Pages
Since the beginning of psychotherapy as a discipline and theoretical body of knowledge, there has been many different psychotherapies developed and practiced. Some psychotherapies share similarities and, at times, use the same mechanisms of change (e.g., cognitive therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy) while other psychotherapies are fundamentally distinct from each other (e.g., psychoanalysis and acceptance and commitment therapy). The integration of the mechanisms and theoretical basses of two or more psychotherapies has been sought out as a means to create methods of psychotherapy that are increasingly effective and useful for practitioners. Integrating aspects of different psychotherapies has been attempted in four ways; by using assimilative integration, technical eclecticism, theoretical integration, and common factors (CF).
Assimilative integration is a popular method of practice that relies on the practitioner having one dominant theoretical grounding and using methods from other psychotherapies when they are seen to be useful in therapy. In other words, the therapist dominantly practices one theoretical orientation, which he or she uses for the fundamental cause of pathology and most therapeutic techniques, while using techniques from other theoretical orientations when they would benefit particular patients or be suitable in certain situations. An example of the assimilative integration approach is when a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) practitioner decides…
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