Cognitive Therapy for Personality Disorders

582 Words2 Pages
Part I: Provide a brief statement that clearly defines the term: Schema; and, an explanation of how they are developed. A schema is a cognitive pattern or structure comprised of beliefs and perceptions. Worldview is a type of schema, which can be formed by cultural cues, family socialization, and identity. Schemas can change over time, and they can be helpful for organizing the complex world. Some schemas are helpful in that they anchor the mind and emotions in the midst of an overwhelming amount of information and stimuli in the environment. However, schemas can easily become maladaptive. Examples of how schemas become maladaptive are most noticeable with regards to stereotyping, biases, and paranoia. Abuse and trauma can significantly and adversely impact an individual's schemata. Conflicting schemata can also lead to experiences of cognitive dissonance or confused identity. Part II: Statement of how the themes that are evident in the client's presenting problems contribute to the client's level of distress. Identify two Schema Domain (Young, 1998) that are evident in the client's presentation. Jordan's "severe separation anxiety" stemmed from infancy. This indicates that Jordan was from the start developing a maladaptive schema rooted in the domain of Abandonment/Instability. Jordan was also difficult to comfort, and irritable, which Young (1998) frames as part of the Abandonment/Instability domain. The early formative experiences in Jordan's life were not addressed or
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