Coli : Coli And Its Effects On Hemorrhagic Colitis Outbreaks Caused By E. Coil O157

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Biocontrol of seven Vero-toxigenic E. coli with lytic bacteriophage for lettuce, sprouts, and seeds With the high morbidity and mortality in hemorrhagic colitis outbreaks caused by E. coil O157:H4, Verotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) was first described in Canada during the 1980s (Woodward 2002) Verotoxigenic E coli (VTEC) or Shiga-toxigenic E coli, including O157:H7 and other non-O157 serogroups, include O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145, which are increasingly cause foodborn illness in United State. (Brooks, Sowers et al. 2005) Escherichia coli O157:H7 has been found as one of the most common causes of both outbreaks of human diarrheal disease in North America and throughout the world. Major outbreaks happened over the world, and 70% to 80% of sporadic cases of classic hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) reported in Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Japan have been found associated with E coli O157:H7 infections (Boyce, Swerdlow et al. 1995). Also the other diseases including mild diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis, and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that E. coli causes approximately 73,000 illnesses and more than 60 deaths per year in the United State. (Woodward 2002) The cost of treatment for infections caused by consume VTEC contaminated produce is about $38 billion in average per year in the US due to the increase of foodborne illness associate with produce.

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