Collapse of the Weimar Republic and the Rise of the Nazis Essay

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Collapse of the Weimar republic/ Rise of the Nazis This essay will examine how the lack of effective opposition and the weakness of the Weimar, was a major factor in the Nazis rising to power between 1919 and 1933. On the 28th of June 1919, a peace treaty, also known as the treaty of Versailles, was signed, ending the First World War. The treaty had a humiliating effect causing great resentment. Germany had no choice but to accept the terms of the treaty, which later had a considerable impact on the countries running. The negotiations for this treaty took six months, at the Paris peace conference. Germany was forced to accept all responsibility for causing the war, making substantial territorial concessions along with disarming,…show more content…
By introducing proportional representing, it was extremely hard for any party to receive a majority of the votes within parliament, this led to the creation of coalition governments. During the period of 1919-23, Germany endured great political upheaval, firstly, in January 1919 when the Social Democratic Party oppressed the rebellion of the communists, better known as The Spartacist Revolt. Between March and May 1919, the communists were suppressed by the Freikorps, where they attempted to takeover the Munich and Soviet republic. They were ordered to crush the revolt and shoot anyone carrying a gun, Then in March 1920, the Kapp Putsch took place, which attempted to overthrow the Weimar government but failed, following a general strike instigated by the trade union workers. In 1923, Belgium and France invaded the Ruhr due to Germany’s failure to repay the massive reparation payments. They entered industrialised areas of Germany resulting in workers striking which caused problems and had a devastating effect on the German economy. In order to help with the strike and reparations the government printed more money. They printed astonishing amounts of money leading to hyperinflation, which affected the price of goods. The Weimar was crumbling, people on fixed incomes were adversely affected by the hyperinflation, their pay remained the same, and this caused financial ruin in the Weimar. However, financers, industrialists and landowners benefited
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