Collective Decisions Theory

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Collective decisions theory Some researchers have argued that decisions made in a group are better than decisions made individually. Durkheim affirmed this issue for first time, and he affirmed the collective cannot be reduced to individual and collective consciousness is focused on knowledge normative, which is common to members of a society and therefore, constitutes a social fact (Mora, 2002). Various models that focus on different stages of decision making (e.g. problem identification, solution development, evaluation, decision making) also, has determined that the union of the efforts of each group member can achieve a common goal (Salanova, Prieto & Peiro, 1996). According to Forsyth (1999), the stages of group decision-making are:…show more content…
• The techniques should not be allowed to narrow down the conflict, it is necessary the discussion of team members, to find better solutions and alternatives. • It should promote the participation of each member of the group, and to find that each of them have the possibility to defend their point of view. It is necessary to avoid making decisions too quickly, without that has been discussed previously each point of view. • Avoid stereotyping and not to impose the solutions coming from some external authority, it is necessary to promote an environment where each group member is heard and that their possible solutions are integrated with those of other members, to implement the most effective solution. Group decision pitfalls and risk Most experts on group communication agree that misunderstanding seem to be the rule in groups. On the sender side, many group members lack the skills needed to express themselves clearly. As Spitsberg and Cupach suggest on 2002, “No do all group members have the interpersonal skills that a discussion demands “(Spitsberg and Cupach 2002 cit. in Forsyth., D, 1999). In the same way, Di salvo, Nikkel and Monroe on 1983 reported the main of those problems in categories in order of frequency as: - Communication skills: poor listening skills, ineffective voice, poor non verbal communication, repetitive, etc. - Egocentric behavior: dominate conversation and
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