Colombia Is The Country With The Largest Idp Crisis

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Colombia is currently the country with the largest IDP crisis in the world. As of 2014 it is estimated that between 4.9 and 5.5 million Colombians have been displaced by violence and human rights abuses since 1985. This number surpassed by a wide margin the magnitude of the next largest displacement crises in the world: Syria (3 million), DRC (2.7 million), Sudan (2.2), Iraq (2.1) and Somalia (1.1 million) (IDMC, 2014). The internally displaced population corresponds to over 10% of Colombia’s population and over 30% of the rural population. Propelled by four decades of a complex multi-party conflict between the armed forces, illegal armed groups -- most notably the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and drug cartels -- the…show more content…
Colombia, at least on paper, has one of the world’s most developed legal and institutional frameworks to protect the rights of IDPs. Over the last twenty years this framework has been improving and Colombia has deepened its commitment with the international IDP regime despite the fact that Colombia has remained at war and its displaced population has continued to grow. In 1992 Colombia became one of the first countries in the world to acknowledge the phenomenon of internal displacement and to recognize the states’ responsibility to address the crisis. In 1997 Colombia instituted one of the first and most comprehensive legal frameworks to address their displacement crisis in the world – anticipating by a full year the introduction of the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement. A groundbreaking by Colombia’s Constitutional Court in 2004 made this soft law instrument legally binding at the level of constitutional law. Over the years, thanks in part to the involvement of the Constitutional Court, Colombia’s legal and institutional framework to address displacement has become perhaps the most highly developed in the world. Not surprisingly Colombia’s legislation and jurisprudence relating to internal displacement has often been hailed by international refugee advocates as a model to be emulated by other countries with IDPs (Ferris, Mooney, & Stark, 2011). Even though
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