Colombia Is The Country With The Largest Idp Crisis

3358 WordsAug 30, 201414 Pages
Colombia is currently the country with the largest IDP crisis in the world. As of 2014 it is estimated that between 4.9 and 5.5 million Colombians have been displaced by violence and human rights abuses since 1985. This number surpassed by a wide margin the magnitude of the next largest displacement crises in the world: Syria (3 million), DRC (2.7 million), Sudan (2.2), Iraq (2.1) and Somalia (1.1 million) (IDMC, 2014). The internally displaced population corresponds to over 10% of Colombia’s population and over 30% of the rural population. Propelled by four decades of a complex multi-party conflict between the armed forces, illegal armed groups -- most notably the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and drug cartels -- the IDP situation in Colombia is arguably the most persistent humanitarian crisis in Western Hemisphere. Moreover, the intensification of the internal conflict and its expansion into the majority of the territory since the 1980s caused the numbers of displaced to grow at an alarming rate during the past decades. At the same time Colombia is perhaps the country with the most advanced institutional responses to the problem of internal displacement and is often hailed internationally as an example to follow. Colombia was also one of the first countries in the world to commit to the IDP regime by instituting legislation to address internal displacement. Despite their precarious situation, IDPs in Colombia have better legal protections and receive

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