Colonial South Carolina Report

1253 Words6 Pages
Colonial South Carolina Report

George the Second, by the grace of God, of Great Britain, King, Defender of the Faith, I write to thee from the heart of South Carolina, Charleston to impart my knowledge of the region. My travels have been long and arduous. I arrived by way of a freight ship bearing finished goods for the colony on the twenty-eighth day of March, in the twenty-third year of thy reign. All that province, territory, or tract of ground, called South Carolina, lying and being within our dominions of America is well.

The environmental conditions of South Carolina differ dramatically to that of England. The days are long, hot, humid, and at times damp. The people of the colony deserve admiration for dealing with such
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Many fields are flooded in order to cultivate enough rice for England and the colony. Freshwater swamps are not the only means by which rice can be produced. A number of the chief rice fields are situated along the tidal rivers and inlets. Dikes and floodgates are used to regulate the amount of water supplied to the field according to whether it is low tide or high tide. The same process is reversed when water needs to be drained from the fields (Garraty, 51). People of Africa's Rice Coast taught this technique to the settlers. A large portion of the population is made up of people from the rice-producing regions of Africa. The economy is reliant upon enslaved Africans. Not only is the role of slave labor significant in the rice culture, but also in the production of indigo. Eliza Lucas introduced the second cash crop, indigo. Although indigo increases the revenue of the colony immensely, it cannot compete with rice for either land or labor. It prospers on high ground and needs cultivation in the seasons slaves are not preoccupied in the rice paddies. This is a valuable asset for England, to have a new source of indigo, for it has a quintessential function in the textile industry. Parliament has already reaped the benefits of their bounty and should continue to fund the production of indigo. South Carolina has established a solid economy in the manufacturing of tobacco, indigo, and rice, along with
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