Colonialism

740 Words Feb 23rd, 2016 3 Pages
Political legacy of colonialism in India

A lot of countries were experienced of political legacy of colonialism. This essay will focus on concept colonialism and its reasons. This notion could be defined in different ways. Colonialism is a situation of some territory which ruled by another country. Colonialism is a political-economic phenomenon whereby various European nations explored, conquered, settled, and exploited large areas of the world. Colonialism developed from imperialism, which can be reffered to as the highest stage of capitalism. In nineteenth century colonialism was motivated by a number of factors including a nation's desire for political and cultural domination and economic exploitation. One example of this period
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East India Company is English company formed for the exploitation of trade with East and Southeast Asia and India, which was created in the year 1600. With time the Company increased its powers and started to administer the country. Under British rule a first railway line was built from Howrah in Calcutta to Raniganj in Bihar. Britain wanted to be profit India's vast supply of tea and cotton. Great Britain relied heavily on India as a source of materials. There also was introduced the telegraph and postal services simplified communication all over the country.

The British passed many acts that were met with dissatisfaction by the Indians. As a result the Indians formed large groups and revolted against the British, but the British forces crushed each movement. Though Indian leader like Mahatma Gandhi arose and openly condemned the British. He was people’s leader who insspired the masses not to be afraid of the intensity. Finally after 200 years of British rule, India gained independence from on 15th August 1947. Many innocent lives were sacrificed for this achievement and India was also separated from Pakistan. The partition of India and Pakistan spread incidents of horror in the both countries. But due to the effort of the leaders masses, India was able to gain freedom from the British and progress till the present times. On the other hand, the situation of colonizing India under Britain had the most

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