Colonialism in Nigeria

1132 Words Feb 20th, 2018 4 Pages
Colonialism is a system where one country has taken over another and foists its political power, culture, religion and language on it, or as Kozowsaki puts it: “Colonialism is a system of direct political, economic and cultural control by a powerful country over a weaker one” (Kozlowski, 46). The following essay takes two underdeveloped countries – Nigeria and Iran – and assesses the impact of the colonial era on their contemporary politics and political systems. More specifically, it does so by analyzing how the legacy of colonialism impacted the country’s political structure as well as its economic, domestic and foreign policies.
Nigeria and Colonization
The borders that shape Nigeria today are the result of the so-called “scramble of Africa” in the late 18th century. The ensuing colonialism by the British was more than subjugation; it extended to wresting control of the local economy from indigenous rulers. For instance, the British opposed the general development of plant oil plantations during their rule there (Aghalino, 23). Nigerians were not allowed to improve their methods nor market their goods freely and this not only handicapped their country but also effectually destroyed their power base; it weakened their ability and confidence in making decisions. It also rendered their decision-making powers useless, having a reinforcing effect in that local citizens were unused to thinking (a stereotype). The local farmer, for instance, was as no…

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