Colonisation Assignment

1595 WordsOct 19, 20127 Pages
Colonisation definition The New Zealand Oxford dictionary (2005) defines colonisation as “establishing a colony or colonies in a country or area” (p. 215). That means a group of people invading and fully forming a community in a new country or an area. In New Zealand, colonisation was the process of British migrants settling down in the country and building a government after the signing the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. History of immigration (2005) explains that large numbers of people from Britain came to New Zealand in 1840, after the agreement with Maori gave This assignment will define colonisation in the Aotearoa New Zealand context and discuss how Te Tiriti o Waitangi relates to colonisation for both Maori and non Maori. It will…show more content…
Waitangi Tribunal (2011) writes, “the Treaty of Waitangi has two texts, one Maori and one English. The English text is not an exact translation of the Maori text” (para.2). In the Maori version the word 'sovereignty' was translated as 'kawanatanga' (governance). New Zealand History (2011) indicates that Maori believed they had ceded a right of governance over their lands but retained the power to manage their own affairs. Maori had big expectations of the treaty, they hoped there would be a sharing of authority and the country would be protected from other foreign powers. Treaty of Waitangi Settlement Process (1999) points out that in reality, when New Zealand became a colony of the British the treaty was practically ignored, and there was expropriation of land and the culture of the native people was disregarded. Many British migrants came to New Zealand after the treaty was signed and the government took land from Maori for British settler families to live on. Maori had no power to manage their own land once the British government took over. Waitangi Tribunal (2011) states, “...the Government took far more land than it said it would take” (para. 4). Maori lost much of the land that they had owned for years. After the Treaty of Waitangi, British (non Maori) become powerful throughout the country and Maori become powerless. New Zealand in History (2000)
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