Colonization of Malaysia

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<ul> <li> Penang was a part of territory of Kedah was considered strategically located to serve as navy base <li> A British base in Malay archipelago which would secure their trade with China <li> The British were attracted by the economic resources such ass tin ore, rubber, spices and agricultural products <li> Competition among western powers for colonies to meet the economic needs of their country. </ul> Japanese <ul> <li> They wanted to rise as a world power and wanted to expand their control over Asia by 1938. <li> In 1936 Germany (Hitler), Italy (Mussolini) and Japan (General Tojo) formed a pact known as Axial powers and according to this pact, Italy and Germany would conquer Europe and Africa while Japan would…show more content…
<li> The door was opened to British intervention when Dato' kelana Sendeng asked the British for assistance in declaring him the legal head of Sungai Ujong. <li> British trade was interrupted in Pahang States due to the civil war. <li> Sultan of Pahang wanted to sell state land to foreign powers to solve financial problems. <li> Actual intervention in the form of the implementation of the Resident System only occurred in 1888 after a British citizen was murdered outside the Sultan's place. <li> Thus civil unrest was the main reason the British were able to conquer the Malay Peninsula </ul> Japanese <ul> <li> The friendship pact of June 1940 with the Siamese government enabled Japan to advance to south east Asia and this would further enable Japan to conquer Malay peninsula with ease. <li> On 8th December 1941 the Japanese army landed in Kota Bharu, Singgora and Pattani. Then, they advanced further and took over Jitra and Penang.On 31st of January they arrived Johore Baru. Finally, on the 15th of February 1942 General Percival surrendered without condition to General Tojo Tomoyuki Yamashita. <li> The Japanese were well prepared. They had made preparation especially accumulating important information regarding the British defence their army and weaponry <li> They had excellent tactics and coordination and took over strategic locations. They had take over the airfields in Kota Bharu, Alor Setar and Taiping thus weakened the British air defence.
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