Color And The Perception Of Color

1371 Words Dec 6th, 2014 6 Pages
Color and the Perception of Color
Cynthia Xu
Stoller Middle School

Perception. The ability to see, hear, or become aware of something through one of the five senses (Kandel, Schwartz, & Jessell, 2000). In other words, it is the process of interpreting and organizing sensory information. Perception must be understood according to figure-ground, similarity, proximity, continuity, and other organizing principles. At work in the interpretation of sensory stimuli are other perceptual phenomena such as perceptual constancy, a phenomenon which occurs in the perception of size, shape, color, and brightness; depth perception, another phenomenon based on binocular and monocular cues; and the perception of motion (Wood, 2008). One of the brain’s primary functions is to obtain biologically important information from the various sensory inputs. The brain of a human is provided with sufficient information about a variety of things such as light, sound, the atmosphere’s chemical composition, temperature, and things such as head orientation, limb position, the chemical composition of the bloodstream, among other things. Specialized sensors project signals into the brain when they detect sensory modalities. Light-sensitive neurons in the retina of the eye, vibration-sensitive neurons in the cochlea of the ear, along with the pressure-sensitive neurons in the skin are all specialized receptor cells of which each sensory system begins with. The axons of the sensory receptor…
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