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Colorectal Cancer : Cancer And Cancer

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Cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the body uncontrollably replicate forming a malignant tumor that invades nearby tissues. It has the capability to affect any part of the body and spread to tissues throughout the body. There are many different types of cancers including rectal cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, and skin cancer. Rectal cancer is a disease in which cancer cells develop and form in the tissues of the rectum. Rectal cancer is typically classified with colon cancer where they are collectively called colorectal cancer. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States and the third most common cancer in men and in women (CDC, 2014). Colorectal cancer is the third most commonly cancer diagnosed in men and second in females worldwide (Jemal, 2011). Certain ethnicities such as blacks have an increased chance of having colorectal cancer compared to whites and other races. Colorectal cancer also has a higher incidence in men versus in women. It has been noted that about 90 percent of colorectal cancers are diagnosed in patients who are at the age of 50 and older. Two-thirds of these patients that were diagnosed were older than 65 years old. (Haggstrom, 2013). Some of the risk factors of colorectal cancer include environmental factors and genetic component, high fat, low-fiber diet, diet high in red meats, family history of colorectal cancer, male
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