Common Cardiac Alteration

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LVH is the most common cardiac alteration in CKD patients. It is a combined effect. The hemodynamic overload is due to flow and pressure overload. The flow overload is tightly related to hyperkinetic circulation caused by anemia, arteriovenous fistula, or over hydration and is characterized by an enlargement of the left ventricular cavity12.

The patient has fluid overload which compromise the heart to work harder.

The patient diabetic condition also plays a part in compromising the cardiovascular function. Having high blood sugar level, over time accumulates fatty deposits in the blood vessels.
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