Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) causes acute respiratory tract infection in patients of all ages and is one of the most popular diseases of childhood. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, which manifests primarily as bronchiolitis and/or viral pneumonia, is the leading cause of lower respiratory tract (LRT) infection in infants and young children. RSV is the most common cause of bronchiolitis (inflammation of the small airways in the lungs) and pneumonia in children under one year of age in the United States. During the first year of life, most infants are infected with the virus. Most RSV infected children encounter
Infection is a major concern for the child receiving treatment for cancer is the risk for the development of difficulties secondary to treatment. Major complications include fever, bleeding, and anemia. The nurse caring for the child with a fever must be aware of the signs and symptoms of septic shock. If a child with a fever also has an absolute neutrophil count lower than 500/mm3 they are at risk for overwhelming infection, general illness, dehydration, seizures in young infants and children, and the invasion of organisms producing secondary infections. The healthcare team will use blood, stool, urine, and nasopharyngeal cultures and chest x-rays to identify the source of infection. Once an infection is suspected the child will be given a
Any individual that has taken care of a toddler is aware of the amount of focus that must constantly remain on the child to prevent accidents. A major accident may occur due to the child’s misconception of an object that is comestible, and one that is not. When I was young everything was fair game, from rocks and marbles to just about
If a child has had a bump to the head then a first aider will assess the child, if they are fit enough to stay at school the child will be issued with a sticker which they must wear in a prominent position to let all adults know they have had a knock to their head. They will also be issued with a letter to take home, this will ensure that their parents/carers are aware and can monitor them at
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a very common virus that can cause mild cold-like symptoms in adults and older healthy children. It can cause serious respiratory problems in young babies, especially those babies which are born prematurely, who have diseases of the heart or lung, or those individuals who are immunocompromised. In adults, it may only produce symptoms of a common cold, such as a stuffy nose, sore throat, mild headache, cough, fever, etc. As of now, prevention of RSV infection is limited to the standard infection control practices, such as proper hand washing and the frequent use of PPE (gowns and gloves). Outbreaks of RSV infections most frequently begin in the fall and can run all the way into the spring. The most common
Action Plan: If a child starts coughing frantically, there are chances that he or she would be able to cough the object back out. On the other hand, if the child experiences difficulty breathing or turns blue, rush him to the doctor. The doctor will get a few tests done and then either pursue the treatment on his own or refer you to an ENT specialist.
According to Murray and McKinney (2014), parents should call the pediatrician any time the in-fant appears sick or they believe something is wrong with the infant. The office staff can deter-mine if the baby needs an appointment with the problems explained. The parents should write down all symptoms to avoid leaving something out. Parents will want to take their infant to the doctor if the temperature is above 100.4 F (38 C). If the infant vomits the entire feeding more than once or twice a day. A significant increase in stools or watery stools. The infant has blisters, sores, or rashes that are unusual. Changes in behavior like listlessness or sleeping more than usual, irritability or crying more than normal. If the infant starts coughing,
Children are curious by nature, often adventuring out to explore the world around them. Unfortunately, their curious nature can often lead to trouble, resulting in injuries. According to the Government of Canada, unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death in children. Learning how to recognize, prevent, and respond in the event of an accident or emergency can make all the difference. Read on for information on how to administer first aid in critical child and baby safety situations, such as cardiac arrest, concussions, dehydration, and choking.
First of all, children are most vulnerable to injuries. They can have different types of injuries. They can have a concussion for example. Like if you were playing football and you bumped to another kid head to head, then you and the kid are most likely to have a head injury (or known as concussion). Another one could be a leg injury. For example, if you
Respiratory Syncytical Virus, also known as RSV, is a common infection in children under the age of one. Each year, 75,000 to 125,000 children in this age group are hospitalized in the US due to the infection. Many children are infected with this by their second birthday, only a small percentage develops a server case of it, it can also affect adults as well. It is known to appear between the months of November to April.
A common cold is a viral infection of your baby's nose and throat. Babies are especially susceptible to the common cold, in part because they're often around elders who might be carrying the infection. The baby’s immunity is not developed to many common infections. The symptoms of cold are nasal congestion and a runny nose.
The common cold is an upper respiratory infection that is caused by more than 200 viruses. Respiratory modes of transmission are the main cause of these types of infections. The body’s immune system destroys most of these viruses; therefore, antibiotics are not administered. Normally, most viruses that cause the common cold are mild infections and rarely cause serious medical complications. However, this infection could lead to sinus infections, asthma attacks, bronchitis, ear infections, tonsillitis, and pneumonia. Should the child have a fever, they should be kept at home to avoid spreading any infection to other children. Getting plenty of rest and drinking lots of liquids is the best way to manage it. Prevention from spreading the common cold can be done by washing hands frequently and covering nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing. (Treating the Common Cold, WebMD)