Common Core Standards Literature Review

Decent Essays
Literature Review What is the common core? “The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) defines the knowledge and skills in English language arts and mathematics that students need for success in college and careers upon high school graduation” (Santos, Darling-Hammond, Cheuk (2012)). The common core was created, “to provide clear academic benchmarks with more concise academic standards for essential learning that will prepare students to be college and career ready” (Liebtag, E. (2013)). The common core standards have then, been introduced and applied to most schools in the U.S, and although it may have its controversies, the major issue, is its effect on ELL (English Language Learners) students. “ELs currently constitute 10 percent of the U.S.…show more content…
Hence, it is implied that the common core is just as effective as the teacher that is teaching it to their students. And, “preparing ELs to meet the Common Core standards must become a shared responsibility among all educators, including teachers of “mainstream” English language arts, as well as those in other content areas” (Bunch, G. C., Kibler, A., & Pimentel, S. (2012). Some educators, are “insufficiently equipped to teach ELs effectively could be that developing ELs’ language skills have traditionally been viewed as the responsibility of ESL teachers” (Bunch, G. C., Kibler, A., & Pimentel, S. (2012)). Because there has been an influx of ELL students in the main stream classroom, teachers are finding it more difficult to find an alternative and effective instruction for the ELL students in the classroom. Therefore, schools should provide, “teacher preparation and professional development programs that will be designed to support the deeper content, performance and language demands expected of students” (Santos, Darling-Hammond, Cheuk (2012)). By providing teachers with this CCS preparation, teachers will have a better understanding on how to approach ELL students in improving their oral language. And providing ELL students with “the language demands…show more content…
According to Duguay, A., Massoud, L., Tabaku, L., Himmel, J., & Sugarman, J. (2013, September), “As educators have examined the standards more deeply, concerns have arisen about their implementation in classrooms with diverse groups of students, including English learners”. Not only this, but the concept of math also has its visible adversities. According to Robertson, K. (2009), “Although it is easy to assume that many English language learners (ELLs) will excel in math because math is a "universal language" and students may have had prior educational experience that included mathematical instruction, that assumption can lead educators astray”. Many teachers are struggling with the, “increasingly rigorous grade-level content instruction; by content area teachers, many of whom are newly incorporating language development techniques in their subject area classes” (Duguay, A., Massoud, L., Tabaku, L., Himmel, J., & Sugarman, J. (2013, September)). The common core may be the stepping for detailed curriculum, but it is seeming that, it “cannot be tailored to all of the diverse populations of our nation” (Liebtag, E. (2013)). The expectations of the common core exacerbate the academics for ELL students. According to, HAKUTA, K., SANTOS, M., & FANG, Z. (2013), “when ELs are isolated for direct language instruction,
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