Common Infectious Disease : Zika Virus And The Epidemiology, And How It Has Impacted The Nursing Practice
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Zika Virus There are many infectious and/or communicable diseases that circulate the world and infect many people and communities. Emerging infectious diseases are those that in which the incidences have increased in the past several decades or have the potential to increase in the near future (Stanhope and Lancaster, 2016, p. 293). The newest emerging infectious disease that has begun to spread worldwide is transmitted through a simple mosquito bite and is known as the Zika virus. The purpose of this paper is to summarize a current article on the Zika virus describing its causal agents, the epidemiology, and how it has impacted the nursing practice.
Article Summary The Article “Zika Virus in the Americas – Yet another Arbovirus Threat” authors Fauci and Morens describe the Zika virus as an explosive pandemic occurring throughout South America, Central America, and the Caribbean and potentially threatening the United States. This virus infection is the most recent of four unexpected arrivals of important arthropod-borne viral disease in the Western Hemisphere over the past 20 years. Arbovirus is a descriptive term applied to hundreds of predominately RNA viruses that are transmitted by arthropods, notably mosquitos and ticks (Fauci & Morens, 2016, p. 601). These arthropods typically infect vertebrates like birds but have recently been found to infect humans as well. The Zika virus was accidentally found in Uganda in 1947, when surveilling mosquitos and primates