Common Law And Civil Law

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At the global level international law is of great importance and the legal systems such as common law, civil law, customary law, and theocratic law exist in different countries across the world. There are about 196 sovereign states in the United Nations Organization and each of the states follows a legal system created by them or by an agreement in the form of regional treaties and other accords.
Common law: A common law system according to Samii (2011, p. 112) is based on tradition, judge made precedent and usage. In common law, the past ruling, legal legislation and the explanation of the statutes is set as precedents for the courts and apply the established practice to a same set of facts. The law developed through the judgment instead of executive or legislative statutes to a legal system that rely on constituting a precedent case law (Chand, n, d). Any time when the disputing parties disagree on what the rule is, Common law refers g any past precedential decisions. The major difference between common law and civil law system is the doctrine of the precedent in which court applies the rulings of previous cases in the circumstances the facts are the most similar. The judge ruling becomes law that is followed by future judges and this is referred as judge made law, or common law. The legacy followed by Common law is Anglo-American that is widespread in Canada, the U.S, England, Australia, and New Zealand.
Civil law: According to Samii (2011, p. 112), Civil law is based
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