Common Social Practice Of Excuse-Making

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You mentioned how actor-observer bias is another form of social cognition where individuals tend to justify their own actions by blaming them on external factors. Maruna and Mann (2006) also discuss this phenomenon by illustrating that psychologists describe everyday excuse-making as a common social practice, as we see through the expression of actor-observer bias and the fundamental attribution error. However, I found it interesting that psychology has treated offenders’ excuse-making for their crimes as being fundamentally different than the common social practice of excuse-making (Maruna & Mann, 2006). Additionally, Maruna and Mann (2006) describe how often times, offenders’ excuse making is seen as a depiction of their deficient internal
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