Communicable Disease Chicken Pox

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Communicable Disease Chickenpox Grand Canyon University Concepts in Community and Public Health NRS-427V May 01, 2016 Communicable Disease Chickenpox Here is some background on varicella-zoster virus. Chickenpox and Shingles used to be considered two different diseases, but they are both caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) ("CDC chickenpox," 2016). Varicella is the primary infection that causes the chickenpox and the herpes zoster is the virus that lays dormant in the host until reactivation and causes shingles. About 70-90% of all chickenpox cases that are reported occur in children under the age of 10 years old ("CDC chickenpox," 2016). Before the vaccine was introduced in March of 1995, there were 4 million cases…show more content…
Typically the infected person will need to be sequestered for 5 to 10 days or until the blisters have all scabbed over. The incubation period is about 2 weeks after exposure ("CDC chickenpox," 2016). The possible complications though rare can be devastating. It can cause hospital stays or even death. Adults who contract the chickenpox are at greatest risk for death. Infants are at risk for death too. Males have a higher risk for contracting the virus than females do. The older the individual the higher the risk for more severe reaction. The primary complication from this chickenpox is itching. Secondary to the itching is the increase risk for infection and scaring from scratching the pox blisters. There is also a risk in children for ear infections and hearing loss due to the virus. For most people, once they have had the chickenpox they are immune for life. But for a few individuals they can get the chickenpox more than once (Tabers Medical Dictionary - Unbound Medicine, Inc., 2016). There are several home treatments that can be done to relieve the symptoms and stop possible infection and scaring. Oatmeal or baking soda baths help to relieve the itch and sooth the skin, and calamine lotion will decrease the itch. The physician may prescribe an antiviral if the case of chickenpox is severe ("CDC chickenpox," 2016). Prevention is best. In 1995 the varicella vaccine was introduced to the USA. There are two types

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