Communicable Disease: HIV/AIDS

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Communicable Disease: HIV/AIDS What is a communicable disease? A communicable disease is carried by microorganisms and transmitted through people, animals, surfaces, foods, or air. Therefore, communicable diseases rely on fluid exchange, contaminated substances, or close contact to travel from an infected carrier to a healthy individual. The disease might need a blood exchange via an injection, float along a sneeze in a movie theater, or transmitted through childbirth. Hence, a human-to-human communicable disease could be passed through blood, mucus, uterine fluid, breast milk, semen, saliva, or breath. Examples of communicable diseases include herpes, malaria, mumps, HIV/AIDS, influenza, chicken pox, ringworm, and whooping cough. Governmental health agencies spend a great deal of time and money studying the risk or spread of various contagious diseases in order to identify outbreaks, prevent reoccurrences, or develop treatments. They compile statistics such as incidence, which measures how many new cases are diagnosed per year, and prevalence, which identifies how many cases exist at any one time. According to Anderson (2011), top 10 communicable diseases exist: Common Cold, Gastroenteritis, Strep throat, Pink Eye, Fifth Disease, Gonorrhea, Hepatitis, Whooping Cough, Rotavirus, and HIV/AIDS. With its mysterious origin and mutation rates, HIV/AIDS warrants a closer analysis. Statistical Findings & Intervention Shockingly, the disease has an interesting timeline dating
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