Communicable Diseases : Communicable Disease

981 Words Oct 20th, 2015 4 Pages
Communicable diseases have always created a host of serious of problems. These diseases cause physical, emotional, and even financial problems in our societies today. Communicable disease is a sickness that is passed on through the transmission of infectious illnesses. People, food, animals or water can pass many infections from humans to humans or animals to humans. Humans can pass infectious diseases to each other from touching or exchanging body fluids. In 1981, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) marked the official start of the HIV epidemic which became one of the world’s most deadly communicable diseases (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2015). The widespread of the human immunodeficiency virus has affected approximately 1.2 million people in the United States, and roughly 35 million worldwide is living with HIV (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015).
HIV and Efforts to Control It
HIV is a virus that develops from being in contact with bodily fluids that can damage the infection-fighting CD4 cells. HIV in an infected person can annihilate the cells; the immune system weakens and becomes a target for other infectious illnesses. When the immune system can no longer defend itself, the infection has progressed to AIDS. People can contract HIV in many ways. HIV can spread by coming in contact with body fluids such as blood, saliva, semen, rectal and vaginal fluids, and breast milk from women who are nursing their babies. Promoting and educating preventative…
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