Communications Psychology: Communication Behavior in Groups

905 Words4 Pages
Introduction For groups to operate effectively, communication is essential. In basic terms, effective group communication is critical for purposes of enhancing sharing of information, consensus building as well as plan implementation. This discussion will, amongst other things, concern itself with communication behavior in groups. How Groups Form It is important to note that when it comes to "how" groups form, one of the most conclusive frameworks explaining the same was formulated by Bruce Tuckman. According to this framework, a number of steps precede group formation. In this regard, it can be noted that when first established, group performance may not be optimal. Hence groups go through several developmental stages as they seek to achieve an optimal level of effectiveness and productivity. Why Groups Form To begin with, based on the propinquity theory, groups are likely to form when we have individuals working or living in close proximity with one another (Gupta, 2009). Further, we have the balance theory which in seeking to explain why groups form postulates that groups form when individuals possess similar goals, values or attitudes (Gupta, 2009). Yet another theory that seeks to explain why groups form is the exchange theory. According to this theory, group formation is informed by the reward-cost outcomes accruing from the formation of the group (Gupta, 2009). Synergy is yet another reason for group formation. In this case, a group is likely to perform
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