Communicative Language Teaching ( Clt ) Approach

1367 Words Oct 12th, 2014 6 Pages
The field of second language learning has undergone, in the past few decades, many changes. Nonetheless, from a variety of methods that have come and gone, one has been adopted as pioneer, which is the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) approach. Nowadays, in fact, Communicative Language Teaching is one of the most common teaching methods adopted by teachers of second and foreign languages all over the world. Its origin can be found in the late 1960s early 1970s in the British academic system, which was undergoing a serious of changes that reflected, none other than, the changes that were occurring in society. The aim of this paper is to give an overview of what Communicative Language Teaching is, what are its main distinguishing and innovative features and to discuss, if any, the difficulties one might overcome in applying this teaching approach.

Communicative language teaching, as aforementioned, arose at the end of the 1960s. Up until then, however, other methods prevailed in teaching people a foreign language; respectively the Situational Language Teaching (SLT) in the United Kingdom and the Oral Approach or most commonly known as Audiolingualism (ALM) in America. The clash occurred due to two main factors. On one hand, there had been an increase in the economic and political relationships among European countries, hence Europeans themselves. This led to finding new approaches of language teaching that would have allowed people to actually be fluent in a language. In…
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