Communism And The Soviet Union

1782 WordsMar 8, 20178 Pages
After World War II, the Soviet Union wanted to create more communist nations, especially along their western border, to prevent themselves from being vulnerable to attack from the West again as they had been from Nazi Germany. Countries like the United States and Great Britain did not want the Soviet Union to spread communism but some Eastern European countries that had been victims of the Nazi regime saw communism as a good way to prevent another fascist regime from rising. Combined with the fact that most Eastern European had a history of unstable government systems and were in poor economic and political states, communism had a very large appeal to most Eastern Europeans. With the help of Soviet military intervention, communism quickly…show more content…
Both countries held round tables between the negotiating parties, which were meant to create power sharing institutional mechanisms. They also discussed social and economic policies and reached levels of compromise. Poland, being the first country to break from communism, ended up giving 65% of its parliamentary seats to the communist party whereas Hungary instituted “freedom of political association, free elections, and a government responsible to the legislature (Ciobanu, 2010).” There was no military intervention by the Soviet Union in Poland’s round table discussions. This was a very important factor in the following revolutions in other Eastern European countries. Bulgaria had a more timid approach to democratization. Bulgaria legalized the opposition, the National Assembly, which in turn allowed the Union of Democratic Forces to form and forced the Bulgarian government to include them in discussions. Due to this, Bulgaria had a narrow roundtable and ended up with an uneven democratization process. Romania on the other hand had a more violent communist upheaval. It started as a one-party system but had turned into a sultanistic personal dictatorship. The Romanian people wanted to destroy the old communist regime. After the Romanian Revolution, the regime fell quickly (Huntington, 2009) and the National Salvation Front took temporary power, until elections were
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