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Communism In Poland

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Shortly before the war was over there were two political centers in Poland, claiming the authority: the non-communist Underground State with the AK- enjoying the support of the Poles, and the communist Polish Committee for National Liberation (PKWN), which had the support of Soviet Union and Red Army. The Communists were using the “carrot and stick policy” in order to gain ground, by using the devastating consequences of war together with mass skepticism. It was not very hard and it didn’t last so long and a pro-communist government was established in Poland led by Wladyslaw Gomulka. Soviet communist dominance was imposed over what later became the Polish People's Republic.
After the WW2 the country was different from what it used to be, in
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Political situation was characterized by demonstrations and strikes of revisionist movements (collaborations of students, religious institutions, and not only), demanding the eradication of communism’s roots. Food shortages were present all the time. Many investments were misdirected and indeed wasted. Inflation was growing and government had a huge public debt. The situation could not handle any more and “Solidarity” movement were established, by firstly being a single national trade union. Solidarity took the form of a mass social movement committed to the democratization of political life, the dismantling of the command economy, and the introduction of autonomous production units. But the movement was crashed from the “martial law”- state of emergency all over the country. The situation was becoming even worse: industrial production and living standards continued to fall, prices rose, the state budget faced a dramatically growing…show more content…
And things started to change for Poland starting from 1988. It was the communist government itself which initiated the talks and discussions, which allowed Solidarity's participation in the 1989 elections. And its candidates' victory gave rise to the first of the succession of transitions from communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe by marking the birth of the Third Polish Republic. In 1990, Jaruzelski resigned as the President of the Republic of Poland and, after the December 1990 elections, was succeeded by
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