Communism vs. Democracy : Emergence of the Cold War

2266 Words10 Pages
25.03.2012
Essay Topic #2 - Using documents 1.1-1.6 and your wider knowledge, evaluate the assumptions underlying Soviet and US polices at the end of the Second World War.

Ali vs. Frazier – Communism vs. Democracy

The phrase “when one door closes, another door opens” applies to most cases throughout the history of our existence. World War II was no exception. With a world free of Nazi stronghold and the “Axis of Evil”, a lot of changes were being made. Before World War II there were six great powers: Great Britain, France, Germany, the Soviet Union, Japan, and the United States. By the end of the war, the United States stood alone. The end of World War II virtually left two of these superpowers, who helped end Hitler’s realm, at a
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Soviet foreign policy. In February of 1945, at the Yalta Conference held in Russia, the Soviets proposed German reparations of $20,000,000,000 be paid, half of which would go to the Soviets. This was a number that was scoffed at by the Grand Alliance. It was evident that Soviet policy intended to spread communism throughout war-ridden Europe, especially through their reparation demands. Tensions rose at the Potsdam Conference regarding Soviet behavior in Germany at the war’s end, a working paper of United States delegation stated “Payment of reparations should leave sufficient resources to enable the German people to subsist without external assistance… all these removals were in complete violation of all efforts to maintain ‘non-war potential’ industries in Germany… What we saw amounts to organized vandalism directed not alone against Germany, but against US forces of occupation” Stalin’s policy on Germany was simply to make sure they never posed a threat to Soviet existence again by burying them while they were down post-war. A classic battle for the future of German ideology existed, communism vs. democracy, Stalin vs. Truman.

Joseph Stalin’s most successful policy for the Soviet regime came with the installment of the “Iron Curtain” at the Yalta Conference. The Iron Curtain
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