Community Acquire Pneumonia Case Study

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According to Woo & Robinson, “pneumonia should be considered in any patient who present with cough, dyspnea or sputum production” (2016, p.1195). This patient present with low grade fever, acute dyspnea and productive cough with white-yellow sputum, and the left lower lobe infiltration showed on x-ray which are consistence with a diagnosis of pneumonia and that is what made me pursue that line of reasoning, therefore, I considered pneumonia as my number one diagnosis.
Pneumonia refers to a common type of infection in the lung that can is cause by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Community acquire pneumonia is known to be the most popular type of all pneumonia that occur in individual outside of the hospital (McCance & Huether, 2014). The organism that causes the community acquire pneumonia are streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenza, Staphylococcus aureus, Moraxella Catarrhalis, Mycoplasma and Chlamydia pneumonia, Legionella pneumophila and influenza. Pneumonia can be classified as typical or atypical (Woo & Robinson, 2016)
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Patients with typical pneumonia may present with fever, chills, yellow or green sputum, pleuritic chest pain and consolidation on chest x-rays. The organisms that causes atypical pneumonia are known as Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Legionella pneumophila. The clinical presentation for atypical pneumonia are gradual onset of cough, scant sputum, low grade fever and lack of consolidation on x-ray (Woo & Robinson, 2016). Some contributing factors of pneumonia may include advance age, smoking, underlying cardiac or liver disease, underlying lung disease such as COPD (Huether & McCance,
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