Scotland has an abundance of archaeology all throughout the country and all within different parts of prehistory. Scottish archaeology has a big impact on both the rest of the UK and on the rest of Europe. Although during the beginning of the 20th century, archaeology was seen as nothing more than labour, with the help of the two great men which held ‘the Abercromby chair’ – both with their own contributions to Scottish archaeology as a whole – it soon rocketed into the discipline what we see today.
After rewatching Indiana Jones Raiders of the Lost Ark for the second time I view Indiana Jones as less of an archaeologist than I did the first time I watched it. In my first paper I stated that Indiana Jones was a combination of a grave digger and an archaeologist. Now after completing this course I see that he is even less of an archaeologist than I first depicted. The only ethical archaeology being conducted in this movie is done by the Nazi’s; not Indiana Jones. Beyond, getting historical accuracy of the time period correct this movie fails fails to paint a picture of what archaeology truly is. In turn, since my knowledge is far more comprehensive I have come to realize that the movie fails to showcase archaeology even more than I originally
Archaeologists are now able to come together with natives and learn about the past as a team, getting more insight into ceremonials, traditions, sacred ritueals, everyday workings, and lifestyles of native peoples. Respecting the grounds and artifacts of these indigenous people is respecting their heritage- our universal heritage. The unfolding of information allows archaeologists to gain perspective on the people and land before the white
The following report details the archaeological fieldwork conducted by New South Associates, Inc. for proposed widening and improvements along U.S. 158 in Forsyth and Guilford counties, North Carolina. The purpose of the survey was to identify and evaluate archaeological sites for the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), within the proposed project area of potential effects (APE). This project was conducted for the North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT) (TIP R-2577ABC, State Project No. 37405). This is a state-funded project covered under a United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) individual permit. As such, the USACE serves as the lead federal agency and the work complies with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (NHPA), as amended.
As I researched archaeology field schools to attend, I was drawn to the Mohegan Archaeology Project due to the breadth of methods and techniques that will be used on site, the fact that it is a Native American site, and that it works so closely with the Mohegan tribe to truly meet this people’s needs when excavating its artifacts and preserving its cultural heritage.
The region goes all the way up to Canada, it includes the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River. They lived between 8 B.C. to 800 A.D.. Burial Mounds hold corpses, treasure, and other valuables. If a chief dies all if his belongings go in the mound with him. Woodland Indian tribes lived near streams, lakes, and rivers. They live near them because if they didn’t they wouldn’t have water or food. They lived east of the plains. A few of their tribes are the Iroquois, Mound Builders, Algonquian, Shawnee and some Woodland tribes. All of these tribes travel with stitched bark Canoe or they walk. They lived along the Atlantic Coast and were the first region that was able to contact the Europeans. The Eastern Woodlands mainly spoke Iroquoian and Algonquian.
Finding an arrowhead is a dream every child has held at one time or another. The ones who hold that dream the longest become archaeologists. Studying the lithic material from a site can seem tedious and dull, but the information that can be gleaned from it is invaluable. The type of lithic material can provide insight into the lifestyle, tool production, trading habits, and a possible time period of habitation. We aimed to discover some of this information from the items recovered during the two weeks of excavation at the East Carolina University Summer Ventures Archaeological Field Methods class.
Participation by archaeologists in the indigenous construction of heritage remains a difficult and controversial issue (McGuire 1992:37, Nicholas and Andrews 1997a:12, 1997b:277; Trigger 2006:177-189). Following the critical theory of Habermas (1971:14-22, 1973:32-40) and its use in archaeology (Leone et al. 1987:283-292; Lyons 2005:1; Wylie 1985:138), archaeological practice is clearly a socio-political action in and for the present (Tilley 1989:105). Collaborative research with stakeholders may influence interpretation and results for social and political gain (McGhee 2008:580-581). This influence may
There are many similarities in the ethical statements/codes of the SAA, SHA, AIA, and RPA. The ones that pertain to this case are as follows: it is the responsibility of archaeologists to work for the long-term conservation and protection of the archaeological record (SAA 1, AIA 1, RPA 1.1-e). The buying and selling of objects out of archaeological context is contributing to the destruction of the archaeological record around the world, and these items should not be traded, sold, bought, or bartered as commercial goods (SAA 3, SHA 6, AIA 2, RPA 1.2-e). Within reasonable time, the knowledge archaeologists gain
In the film the archaeologists seem to just be running rampant. Everything is very fast paced and thrilling; they are constantly involved in chases and fights through the local towns. In reality this is rare if not non-existent. Archaeologists are not only tasked with uncovering the past but additionally must tread carefully around locals. They should disturb the community as little as possible and often have positive interactions with them. A good example of this is how Dr. Morag helped to educate children in the middle east about the consequences of looting ancient
Reading this article made me realize that there is so much more to archaeology beyond excavating. There are psychological, physical, social, and cultural aspects to it. There were so many barriers or trivial disagreements that seemed to add up and eat away at students. This makes me see Archaeology in a new light that being sociable, or just being able to get along with others also innately helps. Not only is Archaeological fieldwork just the methodology and techniques, but something everyone has to experience to
Is it Ethical? Ethics concerning archaeology have been a problem that has concerned people for a very long time. Only recently in the last half-century has it become an actually issue for archaeologists themselves but the people from around the world who treasure hunters and robbers have stolen sacred artefacts and remains from places of extreme cultural or religious significance has been an issue since the medieval ages. A prime example of one of these archaeologists is famous (or infamous) Giovanni Belzoni.
At the very beginning of the SAA’s Principles of Archaeological Ethics, it states the following: “It is the responsibility of all archaeologists to work for the long-term conservation and protection of the archaeological record by practicing and
Throughout history many valuable artefacts have been taken from their country or culture of origin by powerful conquistadors from European nations. These artefacts were taken back as proof of the conquest as well as rewards and treasures. They were often taken without permission of the local peoples or blatantly stolen; showing a distinct disregard for cultures outside of their own. By the fifteenth century, the exploitation of artefacts had begun. Many of these, throughout history, have been handed over into the protection of museums. International museums, home to many ancient artefacts, should return the artefacts in their possession to the cultures and the countries of their origins.
Archaeology. What is it exactly? The study of material remains of a community or society. Many describe archaeology as a crucial, yet demanding branch of anthropology. However, some say it is worth it and very rewarding, even with the hardships that come with being an archaeologist. On the other hand, to achieve this rewarding sense, archaeologists have to know many significant concepts, including, the three theoretical models in archaeology.