Community Health Nursing

1626 Words Jan 29th, 2011 7 Pages
OUR LADY OF FATIMA UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF NURSING
NCM 101

COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING

Health Promotion and Public Health

Health • A State of complete physical, mental and social well- being, not merely an absence of disease or infirmity (WHO, 1948). • A State of being well and using every power the individual possesses to the fullest extent (Nightingale, 1969). • Optimum Level of Functioning (OLOF)

Determinants of Health (World Health Organization) • The health of individuals and communities are, to a large extent, affected by a combination of many factors. 1. Income and social status – Higher income and social status are linked to better health. 2. Education – Low education levels are linked with poor health, more
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Human resources development and planning in public health 7. Health promotion, social participation and empowerment 8. Ensuring the quality of personal and population based health services 9. Research, development and implementation of innovative public health solutions.

Public Health Nursing • It is a special field of nursing that combines the skills of nursing, public health and some phases of social assistance and functions as part of the total public health programme for the promotion of health, the improvement of the conditions in the social and physical environment, rehabilitation of illness and disability (WHO). • Lillian Wald the director of Henry Street Settlement in New York coined the term “Public Health Nursing” to denote a service that was available to all people. The term public health nursing become associated with “public” or government agencies and in turn with the care of the poor people. • The National League of Philippine Government Nurses came up with the Standards of Public Health Nursing in the Philippines 2005. This standards differentiated public health nursing and community health nursing in one area: setting of work as dictated by funding. - The Government is the employer of public health nurses at national and local health agencies. - Position title/ designation given to these nurses by the Civil Service Commission working in these agencies are Public Health Nurses. - The standard