Community Health

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Measles Outbreak Communicable diseases are present in every community, city, state, village and country throughout the world. They are easily spread and, in some cases and places, easily prevented. International travel and parents not vaccinating their children are major contributors to the measles outbreak. As a nurse it is pertinent that we are educated on the signs, symptoms and the treatment of any communicable disease. It is imperative that we are also able to educate the general public on them as well. A1. What is the Measles Virus The measles virus is a paramyxovirus, there is only one antigenic type, and it is rapidly inactivated by heat and light (CDC, 2014). Once infected, the person will exhibit symptoms such as a…show more content…
A4. Reporting Protocol In the even a case of active measles comes into the emergency room of the hospital where I work, the triage nurse will report the signs and symptoms of the patient to the physician. The physician on the case then must report it to the infection control nurse and the infectious disease specialist. From there they will report it to the local health department which then reports it to the Ohio Department of Health. The ODH will then report to the CDC if it is a confirmed case of measles. Any sort of restrictions will come down from the Ohio Department of Health and the CDC. A5. Key Stakeholders A measles outbreak would affect the community in many different ways as listed in A4. The people interested in the community include the mayors in the county, the governor, the local Red Cross Chapter, the Fairfield County Emergency Agency, the hospital CEO and chief nursing officer, school officials, and ODH. If a primary care provider or hospital encounters a case of measles they are first required to report to it to the local chapter of the Ohio Department of Health. The ODH will then test the specimen themselves to confirm the diagnosis while the person is isolated until 4 days after the onset of the rash.
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