Community Health Strategies

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Community Health Strategies Nursing /405 June 25, 2010 Community Health Strategies Alcohol abuse and alcoholism affects every gender, race, and nationality. Abuse of alcohol is a major cause of preventable deaths associated with violence, motor vehicle crashes, homicides, suicides, and is a leading cause of death among youth (Ringold, 2006). According to the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse (NIAAA), (2010), approximately 17.6 million people in the United States (about one in every 12 adults) abuse alcohol or are alcohol dependent, and 10.8 million youth ages 12-20 are underage drinkers. In this paper I will discuss strategies to improve the effect and outcomes of alcoholism regarding individuals, families, and youth in the…show more content…
The APHA (2008) screening tool is a screening and brief intervention (SBI), which consists of a set of structured questions designed to identify individuals at risk of alcohol abuse. This is followed by a brief discussion between an individual and a service provider with referral to specialized treatment as needed. Screening asks several questions to determine whether individuals are misusing alcohol—that is, are they drinking too much, too often, or experiencing harm from their drinking. The purpose is to increase the person’s awareness of his or her alcohol use and its consequences, and then motivate the person to either reduce risky drinking or seek treatment, if needed. The provider works with the person on willingness and readiness to change his or her drinking behavior. An example of primary prevention using the harm reduction approach is a good method to begin with young people. Mathre (2008) describes this approach as promotion of healthy lifestyles, education about alcohol, guidelines for its use, and dangers of drinking. Examples used by Mathre consisted of community-based activities aimed at substance abuse protection, such as organizing student assistant programs (such as Student’s Against Drunk Driving), promoting non- drinking parties, and teaching and reinforcing anti-drinking peer-pressure skills. If the nurse determines that the student or
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