Community Justice

1172 Words5 Pages
Is Community Justice a Factor in
Traditional Correctional Functions?

LaShawn McNair
Professor Herbeck
Criminal Justice and the Community
April 15, 2012

When we hear the word corrections, most of us tend to think of a jail or prison. It is popularly believed that the function of corrections is merely to lock criminals up. Most of us don’t associate corrections with the community. The objective of my essay is to show the correlation between traditional correctional functions and community justice.

According to an article, Community Justice Program Division, community justice begins with the premise that the community is the ultimate customer of the community corrections system. Whereas the traditional justice system focuses on
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* It establishes support system in the community for probationers. * It also provides restitution to the victim of the offender’s crime. In doing that it ensures that restitution go a long way to increasing community willingness to participate in this form of probation.
So now that we’ve looked at one of the main locations for traditional corrections (the community), we’re going to look at the other main location, institutions.
The two types of institutions are jails and prisons. Most jails are community based in that they operate within the confines of a particular community, but turning jail into a community justice correctional operation is not a simple matter (Clear, Hamilton, Cadora, 2011). Jails are very important to the community. There are almost 10 million admissions to jails each year, and a similar number of releases (US Department of Justice 1995). If the processes of removal and return are important to community life, then jails are a major part of those processes.
There are three principles that seem important to the application of community justice to the jail: informal social controls, transition planning, and restoration/restitution.
Informal social control, or the reactions of individuals and groups that bring about conformity to norms and laws, includes peer and community pressure, bystander intervention in a crime, and collective responses such as citizen patrol groups. The agents of the criminal
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