Community Policing : A Cooperative Effort Between The Police Department And The Community

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Community policing is a very difficult concept to define. Individuals who study or practice community policing find it difficult to find a single definition that they all can agree on. This form of policing is a philosophy or orientation that emphasizes working proactively with citizens to reduce fear, solve crime related problems, and prevent crime. (Miller, Hess, Orthmann, 2014 p. 4) Community policing is a cooperative effort between the police department and the community. Community policing will lead to increasing the trust and confidence from the community.
Since the 1930s, the traditional approach to policing has emphasized the independence of police agencies from the communities they serve. In order to tackle problems of crime, disorder and fear within the community, community policing places an emphasis on community relations. In the 1960s, there were several concerns about the rise of crimes which led to the establishment of community policing since the civil rights movement exposed the weakness of the traditional policing. Community Policing was established in the 1970s to create an atmosphere where the crime rate decline and the community feels safe. Community policing uses partnerships and problem solving techniques amongst the police and the community. Community policing is similar to Sir Robert Peel principles (London Metropolitan Police). Sir Robert Peel stated, “The ability of the police to perform their duties is dependent upon public approval

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