I will be examining how the attack of 9/11 on the Twin Towers compelled urban planners to adapt and prevent future terrorists’ attacks and affected the United States’ social and cultural infrastructures. The attack of 9/11 on the Twin Towers by Osama Bin Laden killed nearly 3,000 people, and traumatized the entire nation (Facts About 9/11). This heinous act was an attempt to incur irreparable damage to the U.S. economy by destroying the Towers, and more largely, to obliterate these symbols of the American ideology of liberty and human rights (Wright 176). While America would eventually recover, this date served as a delineating line between pre and post 9/11 that effected physical, social, and cultural infrastructures. These infrastructures
Throughout history regardless of their professional background or culture, people have responded to the aid of those who have been displaced and are in need. They have been supported through contributions, manpower, and prayer. Acts 20:35 states, “I have shewed you all things, how that so laboring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, it is more blessed to give than to receive” (King James Version (KJV)). But through the chaos, hurt, and pain, trauma responders face a few difficulties amongst themselves, the disaster zone they volunteer to work in, “physical, emotional, and even spiritual” fatigue, and “cultural competences” (Mendenhall,
Whenever a disaster strikes an unsuspecting community, from natural weather events like hurricanes and tornadoes to the manmade catastrophes caused by contamination, local community health nurses become a lifeline for stricken victims, providing medical care, basic sanitation, and nutritional sustenance. While treating the ailments of the sick and dressing the wounds of the injured are the chief priorities for any nursing professional, community health nurses typically administer care within a close-knit population group, and this familiarity often requires the offering of spiritual support as well. The immediate aftermath of any major disaster, whether natural or manmade, is a chaotic time when panic, fear, and uncertainty can easily run rampant, and community health nurses must prepare themselves to handle the nonmedical aspects of assisting patients through their recovery. Setting aside one's personal views on organized religion or faith, alleviating a patient's outward symptoms can only be effective to a certain point when they are grieving for the sudden loss of a loved one, or contemplating an uncertain future after their property and
The community has a great deal of influence on the area’s values, including the appropriate methods of delivering care to survivors and living victims (Alexander 1993). Moreover, the business community’s ability to restart operation can change the perspective of the public as they can either see the entire locality being handicapped by the incident or their ability to recover and function effectively as a whole. Thus, when the general public experiences panic, the experience can further be applied to economic behavior connected with the operations of businesses (Alexander 1993).
On the night of October 6, 1998, Matthew Shepard was brutally beaten and left to die tied to a fence in Laramie, Wyoming. This event brought much attention from the media and controversy that affected the city of Laramie forever. The once close-knit and joyful community turned into a town of crime, filled with hate in the eyes of the media. This is just one example of how a traumatic event can drastically change a community, whether it be affecting the people or the town itself. Even though the town of Laramie was obviously negatively affected, the murder also forced the people of the community to realize their problems and to talk about it. This shows how a community suffering the effects of a disaster can also turn it into a reason to change themselves for the better. Although a traumatic event can bring hardship to the people it affects, the community can bring from that tragedy positive changes such as addressing and working on their problems, bringing the people together, and realizing what they have and being grateful for it.
Nursing students experience enormous stress to meet the professional demands . Considerably, resilience is an essential quality that equips them to meet this demand . According to the American Psychological Association , resilience can be defined as, “the process of adapting well in the face of adversity, trauma, tragedy, threats or even significant sources of stress.” It was reported in nursing students that they experience moderate to high level of perceived stress and this is negatively associated with resilience . Moreover, resilience plays an important role in the retention of students in the academic program , and has a positive correlation with their academic success . This helps them to cope effectively with adversities in a clinical setting . However, resilience is considered as an innate personal resource , this is dynamic in nature . Thus growing body of literature recognizes the importance of resilience in nursing profession .
"Life After Hurricane Katrina: The Resilience in Survivors of Katrina (RISK) Project." Sociological Forum, vol. 31, Sep2016 Supplement, pp. 750-769. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/socf.12271
The federal and local community resources dedicated to the treatment and prevention of substance use, has become a valuable tool in the process of recovery. Chemically dependent individuals often have a variety of psychosocial problems in addiction to addiction, such as financial, housing, criminal, and poor social support that often leads to poor treatment retention and higher risk of relapse according to Krupski, et. al. (2009). Therefor the need for community resources is critical to the success of the original treatment. When investigating into the federal resources available, there becomes a view into a larger problem with chemical dependency as government agencies compile statistical data of therapeutic approaches, cultural diversity,
Many of the actions which support resilience are what most practitioners do naturally: showing care and concern, offering routine and consistent discipline, and building children’s trust by keeping promises.
Across the country, and essentially the world, September 11, 2001 has gained recognition as the day of a series of terroristic attacks on the United States. Yielding the death of thousands from the four hijacked planes at the sites of the World Trade Center ambush, crash in Pennsylvania or the Pentagon, these attacks have left a momentous imprint on American soil. Every year on the anniversary on the attacks, millions pay their respect to the lives lost. One of the most noted occurrences of 9/11 was the immediate response of New York City police officers, firefighters, and EMTs to help victims in the Twin Towers. While the heroism of these men and women actions to save lives will always be bought up and respected every year, the aftermath of
Everyone remembers where they were when they first heard the news of the terrorist attacks on September 11th, 2001. Since this traumatic day, many memorials have been made to honor the people who lost their lives. The memorial in New York City at Ground Zero has become a popular place for many people around the world to come visit. More than 21 million people have visited this memorial since its opening in 2011 (National September 11 Memorial & Museum). It especially allows for a place for family members to come and remember their loved ones that passed on this day. The National 9/11 Memorial at Ground Zero provides the history of what happened on that horrific day through its location and design, but some view it as
The city had learned from the 1993 World Trade Center bombing and had done contingency planning in the event of another similar terrorist attack. It established a state of the art Emergency Operations Center. It was evident that training was provided to all departments and officials as to what the priority would be in the case of a disaster, which is public safety. The first thing that was done was to seal off the area to allow first responders to respond quickly and evacuate the public from the area. Even in the absence of communication with the Emergency Operations Center, department heads and key ranking personnel knew exactly what the priority was and acted accordingly. The city’s preparedness left little room for doubt as to who was in charge, with that being said, state and federal agencies were mainly in the role of supporting the city in the efforts of evacuating, rescue and recovery. The leadership provided by the mayor calmed the already shocked public and reassured them of their safety. “The three steps of crisis management are prevention, preparation and containment” (Starling, 2008, p.222). The city itself could not have done much about preventing the situation, but the city’s preparation was evident by their public administrator’s and employee’s quick decisive response. The containment was also accomplished by the city action of closing off the area and
New York City is a huge city and a lot of people have a memorial event that lived inside each New Yorker. Each New Yorker in each borough has a family member that were lost in 2001. In 2001, New York City was attacked by a terrorist group, the group attacked the World Trade Center. The World Trade Center, was the tallest building in New York City and it was the most important building in New York City. However, the City of New York was affected by the World Trade Center attack in many ways such as, leaving a memory for each New Yorker that they can’t forget. Another way, spending a lot of money to fix up the massive damage that happened in the whole City. Also, the City was impacted by the job losses, a lot of people lost their jobs around
Researcher define resilience as a broad cluster of personal characteristics that facilitate the ability to manage despite trauma. These characteristics include hardiness, optimism, self-enhancement, repressive coping, positive affect, and a sense of coherence (Agaibi & Wilson,2005; Bonanno, 2004; Tedeschi & Calhoun, 2004). Collectively, these characteristics permit such people to emerge from trauma with less psychological wounds and relatively unchanged.
After the Haitian earthquake in January of 2012, the people of Haiti were faced with a serious challenge. Being one of the poorest countries in the world didn’t help the challenge at all. Help was still going to come anyway. Urgent supplies were sent in immediately like food, water, shelter and medicine. These first responders helped look for missing people and recovered the dead. Later, people help rebuild destroyed homes and buildings. Even after all of the natural